What Are Freight Trains

Posted: August 31, 2011 in Types of Trains

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A freight train or goods train is actually a group of freight cars (US) or goods wagons (UIC) hauled by 1 or much more locomotives on a railway, ultimately transporting cargo between two points as component of the logistics chain. Trains may well haul bulk material, intermodal containers, general freight or specialized freight in purpose-designed cars.

When regarded as in terms of ton-miles (tonne-kilometers) hauled per unit of consumed energy, rail transport is even more efficient than other means of transportation. Additional economies are usually realized with bulk commodities (e.g., coal), specially when hauled over long distances. However, rail freight is frequently topic to transshipment expenses, which could possibly exceed that of operating the train itself, a factor that practices which include containerization aim to decrease. Bulk shipments are much less affected by transshipment expenses, with distances as brief as 30 kilometers (18.6 mi) sufficient to create rail transport economically viable. Even so, shipment by rail is not as flexible as by highway, which has resulted in significantly freight being hauled by truck, even over lengthy distances.

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